抓住贝多芬年的尾巴——“ 在你光辉照耀下,四海之内皆成兄弟”

2020-11-19 10:31:42

 

碟鉴,每天一张至美古典名盘

 

“欢乐女神圣洁美丽 / 灿烂光芒照大地 / 我们心中充满热情 / 来到你的圣殿里!”
2020年10月某天的正午时分,站在波恩老市政厅前的广场,耳畔响起的不是德国城市常见的教堂钟声,而是贝多芬《欢乐颂》的旋律。
今年是这位诞生在德国波恩的伟大音乐家250周年诞辰。虽然因为疫情,上半年的纪念活动几乎全数取消,但正如贝多芬本人生前不屈不挠的坚强意志一般,只要仍有一息尚存,人类文明就不会熄灭。
下半年,乐声又逐渐重响,“贝多芬年”纪念活动也陆续在全球范围内以不同形式举办,可谓百花盛开,如火如荼

 

在疫情的紧张氛围下,四处响起的贝多芬音乐仿佛一颗强力定心丸。激情澎湃、响遏行云的宏大乐章,时刻撼动着人们几近麻木的灵魂。一个个铿锵有力的音符,正奋力击碎着心口的冰碴,不断重复着那句著名的:“扼住命运的咽喉!” 这时候,我们才能深刻地明白到,贝多芬音乐历经百年依然长盛不衰,始终传唱的原因——
不分人群和领域的强烈共鸣、超脱时代限制的音乐涵养、百听不厌且温故知新的艺术价值……贝多芬的音乐,无疑是真正意义上的精神食粮,是人类文明发展历程中不可或缺的重要宝藏
于是,今年听贝多芬,又具有了更深层的意义。在聆赏中缅怀,在缅怀中自励
贝多芬250周年诞辰,各古典唱片大厂推出的纪念录音也是比历来要多的,基本上都从自家母带库中“搜刮”出了尽可能完整齐全的贝多芬作品录音,集成一套。对贝多芬迷来说,这些套装,肯定是非常超值的:
大量的曲目一次过收全,可以听很久,而且大厂诸如华纳、DECCA、索尼这一类,旗下或合作的古典名家数不胜数,录音的演绎水准自然也是顶尖的。再者,唱片作为历来古典音乐最主要的承载体,听起来肯定比满是机械味的数码音乐要原汁原味得多。不管是聆听还是收藏,都具有非同凡响的价值。
比如索尼的这一套《贝多芬传奇经典录音》(25CD),个人认为是当中性价比拔尖的一套。近60场贝多芬作品的完整录音,囊括他笔下的全套交响曲、钢琴奏鸣曲、协奏曲、弦乐三重奏、四重奏……
甚至连他并不那样广为人知的,生平唯一一部歌剧作品《列奥诺拉》的录音都收录在内,称得上是贝多芬生前音乐才华的全方位展现。这样“装备齐全”的套装,价格比起同期的其他纪念录音,绝对是亲和许多。

 

专辑列表

(上下滑动查看)

 

CD1

Beethoven: Symphony No  1 in C Major, Op. 21 (Remastered) - Columbia Symphony Orchestra - Walter [1959]

Beethoven: Symphony No. 3 in E-Flat Major, Op. 55 "Eroica" (Remastered) - New York Philharmonic - Bernstein [1964]

 

CD2

Beethoven: Symphony No. 2 in D Major, Op. 36 (Remastered) - Cleveland Orchestra - Szell [1964]

Beethoven: Symphony No. 4 in B-Flat Major, Op. 60 (Remastered) - Cleveland Orchestra - Szell [1963]

 

CD3

Beethoven: Symphony No. 5 in C minor, Op. 67 - Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Reiner [1959]

Beethoven: Symphony No. 7 in A Major, Op. 92 (Remastered) - Chicago Symphony Orchestra - Reiner [1955]

 

CD4

Beethoven: Symphony No. 6 in F Major, Op. 68 "Pastoral" (Remastered) - Cleveland Orchestra - Szell [1962]

Beethoven: Symphony No. 8 in F Major, Op. 93 (Remastered) - New York Philharmonic - Bernstein [1963]

 

CD5

Beethoven: Symphony No. 9 in D minor, Op.125 "Choral" - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1958]

 

CD6

Beethoven: Violin Concerto in D Major, Op. 61 (Remastered) - Jascha Heifetz, violin; Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1955]

Beethoven: Romance No  1 in G Major, Op. 40 - Isaac Stern, violin; Boston Symphony Orchestra - Ozawa [1980]

Beethoven: Romance No. 2 in F Major, Op. 50 - Isaac Stern, violin; Boston Symphony Orchestra - Ozawa [1980]

 

CD7

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No  1 in C Major, Op. 15 (Remastered) - Glenn Gould, piano; Columbia Symphony Orchestra - Golschmann [1958]

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 2 in B-Flat Major, Op. 19 (Remastered) - Glenn Gould, piano; Columbia Symphony Orchestra - Bernstein [1957]

 

CD8

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 3 in C minor, Op. 37 (Remastered) - Leon Fleisher, piano; Cleveland Orchestra - Szell [1961]

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 4 in G Major, Op. 58 (Remastered) - Leon Fleisher, piano; Cleveland Orchestra - Szell [1959]

 

CD9

Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5, Op. 73 in E-flat Major (Remastered) - Arhur Rubinstein, piano; Boston Symphony Orchestra - Leinsdorf [1963]

Beethoven: Choral Fantasia in C minor, Op. 80 - Emanuel Ax, piano; New York Philharmonic - Mehta [1983]

 

CD10

Beethoven: Concerto for Piano, Violin, Cello and Orchestra in C Major, Op. 56 "Triple Concerto" - Isaac Stern, violin; Leonard Rose, cello; Eugene Istomin, piano; Philadelphia Orchestra - Ormandy [1964]

Beethoven: Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in B-flat Major, Op. 97 "Archduke" - Isaac Stern, violin; Leonard Rose, cello; Eugene Istomin, piano [1965]

 

CD11

Beethoven: Leonore Overture No. 2, Op. 72a - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1956]

Beethoven: Leonore Overture No. 3, Op. 72a - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1956]

Beethoven: Leonore Overture No  1, Op. 138 - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1956]

Beethoven: Fidelio, Op. 72: Overture - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1955]

Beethoven: Coriolan, Op.62: Overture - Boston Symphony Orchestra - Munch [1956]

 

CD12

Beethoven: Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in D Major, Op. 70, No  1 "Ghost" - Isaac Stern, violin; Leonard Rose, cello; Eugene Istomin, piano [1969]

Beethoven: Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in E-flat Major, Op. 70, No. 2 - Isaac Stern, violin; Leonard Rose, cello; Eugene Istomin, piano [1970]

 

CD13

Beethoven: Violin Sonata No. 5, Op. 24 "Spring" (Remastered) - Zino Francescatti, violin; Robert Casadesus, piano [1961]

Beethoven: Violin Sonata No. 9, Op. 47 "Kreutzer" (Remastered) - Zino Francescatti, violin; Robert Casadesus, piano [1958]

Beethoven: Violin Sonata No. 1, Op. 12 No. 1 (Remastered) - Zino Francescatti, violin; Robert Casadesus, piano [1958]

 

CD14

Beethoven: Sonata No. 3 in A Major for Cello and Piano, Op. 69 (Remastered) - Yo-Yo Ma, cello; Emanuel Ax, piano [1983]

Beethoven: Sonata No. 5 in D Major for Cello and Piano, Op. 102, No. 2 (Remastered) - Yo-Yo Ma, cello; Emanuel Ax, piano [1983]

 

CD15

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No 14 in C-sharp minor, Op. 27, No. 2 "Moonlight" - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1962]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op. 13 "Pathétique" - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1962]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 23 in F minor, Op. 57 "Appassionata" - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1962]

 

CD16

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.3 in C Major, Op.2 No.3 - Murray Perahia, piano [1990]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 21 in C Major, Op. 53 "Waldstein" - Vladimir Horowitz, piano [1972]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 26 in E-Flat Major, Op. 81a "Les Adieux" - Murray Perahia, piano [1984]

Beethoven: Bagatelle in A Minor, WoO 59 "Für Elise" - Murray Perahia, piano [1994]

 

CD17

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 106 "Hammerklavier" (Remastered) - Charles Rosen, piano [1964]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata in A-Flat Major, Op. 26 "Funeral March" (Remastered) - Sviatoslav Richter, piano [1960]

 

CD18

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 30 in E Major, Op. 109 - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1976]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 31 in A-flat Major, Op. 110 - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1960]

Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 32 in C minor, Op. 111 - Rudolf Serkin, piano [1967]

 

CD19

Beethoven: 33 Variations on a Waltz by Anton Diabelli, Op. 120 - Igor Levit, piano [2015]

 

CD20

Beethoven: String Quartet, Op. 18 No  1 in F Major - Tokyo String Quartet [1991]

Beethoven: String Quartet, Op. 18 No. 4 in C minor - Tokyo String Quartet [1991]

Beethoven: String Quartet, Op. 18 No. 6 in B-Flat Major - Tokyo String Quartet [1992]

 

CD21

Beethoven: String Quartet No. 7, Op. 59 No  1 "Rasumovsky" (Remastered) - Juilliard String Quartet [1964]

Beethoven: String Quartet No. 9, Op. 59 No. 3 "Rasumovsky" (Remastered) - Juilliard String Quartet [1964]

 

CD22

Beethoven: String Quartet No  12 in E-Flat Major, Op. 127 (Remastered) - Budapest String Quartet [1952]

Beethoven: String Quartet No 14 in C-Sharp Minor, Op. 131 (Remastered) - Budapest String Quartet [1951]

 

CD23

Beethoven: String Trio in D Major, Op. 9, No. 2 (Remastered) - Jascha Heifetz, violin; William Primrose, viola; Gregor Piatigorsky, cello [1960]

Beethoven: Trio for Piano, Violin and Cello in E-flat Major, Op. 1, No  1 (Remastered) - Jascha Heifetz, violin; William Primrose, viola; Jakob Lateiner, piano [1964]

Beethoven: Serenade for Violin, Viola and Cello in D Major Op. 8 (Remastered) - Jascha Heifetz, violin; William Primrose, viola; Gregor Piatigorsky, cello [1960]

 

CD24

Beethoven: Ah! Perfido, Op. 65 - New York Philharmonic - Schippers [1965]

Beethoven: Christus am Ölberge, Op. 85 (Christ on the Mount of Olives) - The Philadelphia Orchestra - Ormandy [1963]

Beethoven: Adelaide, Op. 46 - Jussi Björling, tenor; Frederick Schauwecker, piano [1955]

 

CD25

Beethoven: Missa Solemnis in D Major, Op. 123 - New York Philharmonic - Bernstein [1960]

 

 

虽然价格相对平易近人,但当中的演奏家阵容却是实打实的豪华——伯恩斯坦、古尔德、霍洛维茨、鲁宾斯坦、海飞兹、马友友、里赫特……一个个在古典乐界响当当的名字,无疑是演奏水准与作品质量的保证
 
这些录音大多来自20世纪古典乐黄金时期,即二战后的六七十年代。少部分在那个时代较少留有演出录音的作品,则采用了90年代至今途中的一些比较著名的版本。
在波恩老市政厅广场响起《欢乐颂》后不久,德国疫情开始反弹。起起落落,无休无止,如同困境永无断绝之日的人生。但人们并未因此失去对贝多芬的热情,现实恰恰相“我认为,疫情带来的疏离感反而强化了纪念贝多芬诞辰这一主题。”贝多芬故居博物馆负责人马尔特·伯克尔如此说道。
 
 
是的,贝多芬的影响早已超越了时间、空间和艺术形,他的音乐正源源不断地输出能量,持续团结着、鼓舞来自世界各地、正以不同程度遭受疫情迫害的人们。
“你的力量能使人们 / 消除一切分歧 / 在你光辉照耀下 / 四海之内皆成兄弟。”
 
 

贝多芬250周年诞辰纪念 

索尼传奇经典录音精选 25CD

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